Biomedical Manufacturing – The Impact of Manufacturing Research in Healthcare
The Department presents our Spring 2019 Distinguished Colloquium speaker:
Dr. Albert Shih
Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Michigan
When: March 4, 2019 | 10:30 AM – 12:00 PM
Where: KAIS 2020 | 2332 Main Mall
Abstract: The quality of care in our aging society is a grand challenge and great opportunity for manufacturing research. Current care systems and devices need to transform to enable the precision medicine in treatment, diagnosis, and prevention. Manufacturing is a key, integral part of multi-disciplinary innovative solutions to transform our society. This talk uses three manufacturing research projects to demonstrate the healthcare needs and manufacturing solutions. Two minimally-invasive, catheter-based biomedical machining processes to open the blockage inside blood vessels are presented. The atherectomy for internal grinding of calcified plaque and mechanical thrombectomy for cutting of blood clots are common procedures with opportunities for improvements. Atherectomy utilizes a small (1.25 to 2.5 mm diameter diamond grinding wheel) rotating up to 230,000 rpm to grind the calcified plaque and restore the blood flow. The motion and force of the grinding wheel, fluid dynamics, debris size, and temperature in atherectomy are studied. Mechanical thrombectomy physically removes the blood clots by cutting. The current vacuum suction and stent retriever thrombectomy devices failed to remove tough, difficult-to-cut high fibrin blood clots. A cutting-based device using a high-speed rotating tool at the tip of the catheter tube and the vacuum for suction of the debris is investigated. The third example is the cyber design and additive manufacturing of personalized orthoses and prostheses at the University of Michigan’s Orthotics and Prosthetics Center. This is an active on-going research to create the next-generation assistive devices that can overcome challenges of the complex and dynamic interactions across the social, healthcare provider, and personal levels. The overlapping needs for reconfigurable, personalized, and socially adoptable assistive devices and systems is an area that manufacturing research can make an impact to transform the quality of care in our society.
Biography: Albert Shih is Professor in Mechanical Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, and Institute of Gerontology at the University of Michigan. He received PhD from Purdue University in 1991 and was an advanced manufacturing process engineer at Cummins (1991-1998) and an Associate Professor at NC State University Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (1998-2002). He has been a faculty at the University of Michigan since 2003. In 2017, he was the Assistant Director of Education and Workforce in the Advanced Manufacturing National Program Office (AMNPO) at Gaithersburg, Maryland.
Dr. Shih’s research area is manufacturing. He is a pioneer in biomedical manufacturing, the application of manufacturing technologies to advance the safety, quality, efficiency and speed of healthcare service and biomedical science. He has 10 US patents, a textbook in Analysis of Machining and Machine Tools, and authored or co-authored over 200 archival journal papers in manufacturing and biomedical sciences. Dr. Shih is the recipient the Fulbright Scholar, SME Taylor Medal in manufacturing research, ASME Milton Shaw Manufacturing Research Medal and Blackall Machine Tool and Gage Award, Society of Automotive Engineers Ralph Teetor Educational Award, and Best Paper awards in ASME International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference (MSEC), North American Manufacturing Research Conference (NAMRC), International Conference on Frontiers of Design and Manufacturing (ICFDM). Dr. Shih is the President-Elect of the North American Manufacturing Research Institute (NAMRI) of SME, Fellow of both ASME and SME, and associate member of CIRP.