Design and Applied Mechanics
The Design and Applied Mechanics Group includes faculty members who research everything from classical mechanics to state-of-the-art machining processes.
The faculty members are Peter Cripton, Mohamed Gadala, Antony Hodgson, Thomas Oxland, Srikantha Phani, Mauricio Ponga, Douglas Romilly, Gary Schajer, and Machiel Van der Loos. Some of the projects currently underway are outlined below.
Dr. Antony J. Hodgson — Medical Robotics, Biomechanics
Current Projects: Developing tools for computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery based on phase-processing of 3D ultrasound images to provide realtime 3D imaging information and on mini-robotic devices to enhance accuracy and shorten surgical time; designing a 3D scale model of the human eye to study sensorimotor issues; comparing surgical motor performance in simulators and the live operating room to validate simulators.
Dr. Peter Cripton — Biomechanics of Human Injury
Current Projects: Modeling spinal injuries to develop a helmet-mounted device preventing spinal injuries incurred in sports and transportation accidents, analyzing mechanisms of hip fracture to identify features predisposed to early fracture, and computational and experimental methods to evaluate performance of implantable spinal devices.
Dr. Mohamed Gadala — Finite Element Applications
Current Projects: Industry solution procedure for crack detection and propagation in rotating components, steel run-out table design, and electric fatigue of piezoelectric actuators.
Dr. Thomas Oxland — Orthopaedic Research
Current Projects: Revision hip replacement, fixation of the osteoporotic spine, regeneration of damaged neural tissue, behaviour of orthopaedic implants, and musculoskeletal tissues.
Dr. Srikantha Phani — Lattice Materials, Nanotubes, Graphene Sheets, and Biomedical Implants
Current Projects: Dynamic Response of Lattice Materials and Structures; Mechanics of Nanotubes and Single Layer Graphene Sheets; Mechanics of stents and stent grafts; Lattice Filters for MEMS Signal Processing.
Dr. Mauricio Ponga — Multiscale modeling of materials
Current Projects: Ductile failure in metals and alloys; Lightweight alloys design; Mechanisms of deformation in materials; Electronic structure calculations of materials including plasticity and electronic properties; Nanoscale heat conduction.
Dr. Douglas Romilly — Vehicle and Road Safety, Fracture Control
Current Projects: Vehicle occupant dynamics due to rear-end collisions, improving automotive seat design, enhanced side impact protection, application of failure mechanics methods to determine structural integrity of components, assess pressure vessel safety, and life of complex structures, development of tongue force measurement device for diagnosis of dysphagia, upper limb orthosis, an interface pressure transducer for biomedical use.
Dr. Gary Schajer — Measurement of Residual Stresses, Wood Quality Control
Current Projects: Developing methods to measure residual stresses suitable for industry use through ESPI and strain-gauge techniques, developing high-speed scanner to measure surface profile of rapidly moving lumber to enhance cut accuracy, and identifying lumber properties using microwave techniques.
Dr. Machiel Van der Loos — Robotics
Current Projects: Safe design of mobile manipulation robotic systems, exploration of ethical design principles for robot interfaces and neurotechnologies, development and testing of mechatronic exercise systems for stroke therapy.